10 things South Korea does better than anywhere else

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[Reading level: C1 – Advanced]

For such a small country – it ranks 109th in the world for total area, right behind Iceland – South Korea sure is in the news a lot.

 

Occasionally that news is grim – something to do with a troublesome cousin across the border.

 

Sometimes it’s pure mainstream pop – a bunch of cute singers taking down Lady Gaga on the world stage.

 

Sometimes it’s just plain astonishing – no one throws out the first pitch at a baseball game with as much panache as South Koreans.

 

From the weird to the wonderful to sci-fi stuff from a Samsung galaxy far, far away, here are things South Korea pulls off more spectacularly than anywhere else.

 

  1. Wired culture

Want to see what the future looks like?

 

Book a ticket to the country with a worldwide high 82.7% Internet penetration and where 78.5% of the entire population is on smartphones (as of 2013).

Among 18 to 24 year olds, smartphone penetration is 97.7%.

 

While they’re chatting away on emoticon-ridden messenger apps such as Naver Line or Kakao Talk, South Koreans also use their smartphones to pay at shops, watch TV (not Youtube but real-time channels) on the subway and scan QR codes at the world’s first virtual supermarket.

 

Hyundai plans on rolling out a car that starts with your smartphone in 2015.

Samsung in the meantime has been designing a curved phone.

 

Crazy displays of technology already in place but not yet distributed can be seen (by appointment) at T.um, Korea’s largest telecom company SK Telecom’s future technology museum.

 

  1. Whipping out the plastic

South Koreans became the world’s top users of credit cards two years ago, according to data from the Bank of Korea.

 

While Americans made 77.9 credit card transactions per person in 2011 and Canadians made 89.6, South Koreans made 129.7.

 

It’s technically illegal for any merchant in the country to refuse credit cards, no matter how low the price, and all cabs have credit card machines.

 

All that flying plastic makes Seoul one of our top shopping cities in the world.

 

  1. Workaholics

South Koreans are so used to studying – the country has the highest education level in Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries, with 98% of the population completing secondary education and 63% with a college education – they can’t get out of the habit once they reach the work force.

 

Thedoghousediaries reports about “What each country leads the world”, Brazil sets the standard for FIFA World Cup titles and North Korea leads in “censorship,” but South Korea takes the crown for workaholics.

 

You can see it in any Korean city, where lights in buildings blaze into the late hours as workers slave away.

 

According to 2012 data from South Korea’s Ministry of Strategy and Finance, South Koreans work 44.6 hours per week, compared with the OECD average of 32.8.

 

And according to a study released in August 2014, along with Tokyo residents, Seoulites get the least amount of sleep of any residents of major cities in the world, just less than six hours a night.

 

  1. Business boozing

When they’re not working, Koreans are celebrating their latest deals or drowning their sorrows in soju.

 

While many leading companies are trying to curb the working/drinking culture, there are still plenty of bosses who drag their teams out for way too many rounds of soju/beer/whiskey “bombs.”

 

Those who opt out are considered rude or hopelessly boring.

 

Yes, Japan and a few other countries can stake reasonable claims to this title, but South Korea has stats to back up the barroom brag.

 

Jinro soju was the world’s best-selling liquor last year, for the eleventh year in a row, with its home country accounting for most of the sales.

 

The South Korean distilled rice liquor manufacturer outsold Smirnoff vodka, which came in second by 37.48 million cases.

 

  1. Innovative cosmetics

When it comes to makeup and cosmetics, South Koreans can’t stop experimenting with ingredients or methods of application.

 

Snail creams (moisturizers made from snail guts) are so 2011.

 

Now it’s all about Korean ingredients such as Innisfree’s Jeju Island volcanic clay mask and fermented soybean moisturizer.

 

At VDL, Korea’s latest trendy cosmetics line, products change monthly.

 

Right now, they’re pushing “hair shockers” – neon tints for hair – and nail polish with real flowers in it.

 

Just as Korean men are less wary of going under the plastic surgery knife than their foreign counterparts, they also snap up skincare products and, yes, even makeup, namely foundation in the form of BB cream.

 

South Korea is by far the largest market for men’s cosmetics, with Korean men buying a quarter of the world’s men’s cosmetics – around $900 million a year, according to Euromonitor.

 

  1. Female golfers

The Economist posed a million-dollar question in 2013.

“Why are Korean women so good at golf?”

The rankings were staggering. Of the top 100 female golfers in the world, 38 were Korean.

Of the current top 25, 9 are Korean (10 if you count Seoul-born Lydia Ko, who calls New Zealand home).

 

Inbee Park, 25, is the second-ranked player in women’s golf and was the youngest player to win the U.S. Women’s Open.

 

In January, Ko, 14, set the record for the youngest woman to ever win a professional golf tournament.

 

Chalk it up to crazy Korean competitiveness or to the Tiger Mom/Dad theory (golfer Se-Ri Pak’s father is infamous for making her sleep alone in a cemetery every night to steel her nerves), but the phenomenon certainly begs study.

 

Widely thought to be a response to Korean domination of the sport, the U.S.-based LPGA passed a requirement in 2008 mandating that its members must learn to speak English, or face suspension.

 

  1. Starcraft

One country’s hopeless nerds are among another’s highest earning celebrities.

 

Starcraft is actually a legitimate career in South Korea, with pro gamers raking in hundreds of thousands of dollars in earnings in addition to endorsements.

 

Since the game launched in 1998, nearly half of all games have been sold in South Korea, where boys, girls, men and women drop by for a night of gaming in giant video game parlors.

 

There are cable channels devoted solely to the games, and the culture has led to approximately 14% of Koreans between ages 9 and 12 suffering from Internet addiction, according to the National Information Agency.

 

To try to crack down, the government passed a ban dubbed the “shutdown law” or “Cinderella law” two years ago, prohibiting anyone 16 and younger from game websites. The ban has been widely ignored.

 

  1. Flight attendants

Flight attendants from airlines around the world come to Korean airlines’ training centers to learn proper airborne charm.

 

Ask anyone who’s ever flown a Korean airline and dare them to say the service isn’t the best they’ve ever had.

 

It’s not just the sweet smiles that greet every little request, but the almost comical looks of suicidal despair when they somehow run out of bibimbap in the row before yours.

 

  1. Blind dates

“When’s your next sogeting (blind date)?”

That’s one of the most frequently asked questions of any Korean single.

 

The standard answer is the epic horror story that was the last blind date, often involving a crippling Oedipus complex or intolerable physical flaw.

 

Followed immediately by a chirpy, “Why, do you know someone you can set me up with?”

 

Due to the high volume of blind dates, when Korean make up their minds, they move quickly.

 

According to data compiled by South Korea’s largest matchmaking company, Duo, the average length of time of a relationship from the (blind) first date to marriage is approximately 10.2 months for working people, with an average of 62 dates per couple.

 

In a survey conducted by Duo, working singles interested in marriage say they typically go on two blind dates a week.

 

They should know. Of the top four matchmaking companies in Korea (there are 2,500 companies in the country), Duo has a 63.2% market share.

 

  1. Plastic surgery

Whether it’s a lantern jaw, wide forehead or long teeth, there’s no feature doctors can’t beautify in the Asian capital for cosmetic surgery.

 

Russians, Chinese, Mongolians and Japanese flock to South Korea on plastic surgery “medical tours,” not only for the skill of the surgeons, but for the good deals.

 

“An average – not excellent – face-lift in the United States will set you back about $10,000,” Seoul National University Hospital plastic surgeon Kwon Seung-taik told CNN. “But in Korea you can get the same service for $2,000 or $3,000.”

 

Source: https://edition.cnn.com/travel/article/10-things-south-korea-does-best/index.html

WORD BANK:

be in the news (phrase): xuất hiện trên báo

grim /ɡrɪm/ [C2] (adj):  tồi tệ

troublesome /ˈtrʌb.əl.səm/ [C2] (adj): phiền toái

take sb down (Phrv): đánh bại ai

plain /pleɪn/ [B1] (adv): thật sự, hoàn toàn

astonishing /əˈstɑː.nɪ.ʃɪŋ/ [C2] (adj): đáng kinh ngạc

pitch /pɪtʃ/ [B2] (n): cú ném

panache /pəˈnæʃ/ (n): sự phô trương

weird /wɪrd/ [B2] (adj): kỳ lạ

pull sth off (Phrv): đạt được cái gì

spectacularly /spekˈtæk.jə.lə.li/ (adv): một cách ngoạn mục

wired /waɪəd/ (adj): thú vị

penetration /ˌpen.ɪˈtreɪ.ʃən/ (n): sự thâm nhập

ridden (suffix): đầy cái gì

virtual /ˈvɝː.tʃu.əl/ [C1] (adj): ảo

roll sth out (Phrv): tung ra cái gì (sản phẩm, dịch vụ… mới)

in the meantime (adv): trong khi đó

curved /kɜːvd/ (adj): cong

distribute /dɪˈstrɪb.juːt/ [C2] (v): phân phối

whip sth out (PhrV): rút cái gì ra rất nhanh

plastic /ˈplæs.tɪk/ (n): thẻ tín dụng

transaction /trænˈzæk.ʃən/ [C1] (n): giao dịch

illegal /ɪˈliː.ɡəl/ [C2] (adj): bất hợp pháp

workaholic /ˌwɜː.kəˈhɒl.ɪk/ [C2] (n): người nghiện làm việc

workforce /ˈwɜːk.fɔːs/ [C2] (n): lực lượng lao động

censorship /ˈsen.sə.ʃɪp/ (n): sự kiểm duyệt

slave away (phrv): làm việc quần quật

quirky /ˈkwɜːrki/ (adj): kỳ lạ

release /rɪˈliːs/ [C1] (v): công bố

resident /ˈrez.ə.dənt/ [B2] (n): cư dân

booze /buːz/ (informal) (v): uống rượu

drown in sth (PhrV): chìm trong cái gì

sorrow /ˈsɔːr.oʊ/ [C2] (n): nỗi buồn

curb /kɝːb/ [C2] (v): hạn chế

drag sb out (phrv): kéo ai ra ngoài

round /raʊnd/  [C2] (n): chầu rượu, chầu nước

opt out (Phrv): lựa chọn

reasonable /ˈriː.zən.ə.bəl/ [B1] (adj): hợp lý

stake a claim (to something) (idiom): tuyên bố cái gì là của mình

stats /stæts/ (n): số liệu thống kê

back sth up [C2] (phrv): chứng minh điều gì là đúng

brag /bræɡ/ (n): sự khoe khoang

distil /dɪˈstɪl/ (v): chưng cất

manufacturer /ˌmæn.jəˈfæk.tʃɚ.ɚ/ [C2] (n): nhà sản xuất

case /keɪs/ [A2] (n): thùng, hộp

innovative /ˈɪn.ə.və.tɪv/ [C1] (adj): sáng tạo

experiment /ɪkˈsper.ə.ment/ [C2] (v): thử nghiệm

ingredient  /ɪnˈɡriː.di.ənt/ [B1] (n): thành phần

moisturizer /ˈmɔɪs.tʃɚ.aɪ.zɚ/ (n): kem dưỡng ẩm

gut /ɡʌt/ (n): ruột

ferment /fɚˈment/ (v): lên men

tint /tɪnt/ (n): thuốc màu nhẹ để nhuộm tóc

nail polish /ˈneɪl ˌpɒl.ɪʃ/ (n): sơn móng tay

snap sth up (phrv): mua cái gì nhanh chóng vì nó rẻ hoặc đúng ý bạn

pose a question (idiom): đặt câu hỏi

staggering /ˈstæɡ.ɚ.ɪŋ/ [C1] (adj): đáng kinh ngạc

professional /prəˈfeʃ.ən.əl/ [C2] (adj): chuyên nghiệp

chalk sth up to sth (phrv): cho rằng cái gì đó được gây ra bởi cái gì

infamous /ˈɪn.fə.məs/ (adj): tai tiếng

cemetery /ˈsem.ə.ter.i/ [C2] (n): nghĩa trang

phenomenon /fəˈnɑː.mə.nɑːn/ [C1] (n): hiện tượng

domination /ˌdɒm.ɪˈneɪ.ʃən/ [C1] (n): sự thống trị

mandate  /ˈmæn.deɪt/ (v): bắt buộc

suspension /səˈspen.ʃən/ (n): sự đình chỉ

nerd /nɝːd/ (n): mọt sách, người nhàm chán

legitimate /ləˈdʒɪt̬.ə.mət/ [C2] (adj): hợp pháp

endorsement /ɪnˈdɔːrs.mənt/ (n): sự tán thành

launch /lɑːntʃ/ [C2] (v): ra mắt

parlor  /ˈpɑːr.lɚ/ (n): tiệm, cửa hiệu

devote sth to sth/sb (PhrV) [B2]: dành/cống hiến cái gì cho ai/cái gì

solely /ˈsəʊl.li/ [C1] (adv): riêng, chỉ có

crack down [C2] (phrv): phạt nghiêm

dub /dʌb/ (v): đặt cho cái tên

prohibit  /prəˈhɪb.ɪt/ [B2] (v): cấm

ignore /ɪɡˈnɔːr/ [B2] (v): phớt lờ

airborne  /ˈeə.bɔːn/ (adj): ở trên không

dare /der/ [C2] (v): thách

comical /ˈkɒm.ɪ.kəl/ (adj): hài hước

despair /dɪˈsper/ [C2] (n): sự tuyệt vọng

somehow /ˈsʌm.haʊ/ [B1] (adv): bằng cách nào đó

intolerate/intolerable /ɪnˈtɒl.ər.ə.bəl/ [C2] (adj): không thể chấp nhận được

flaw /flɔː/ [C1] (n): khuyết điểm

chirpy /ˈtʃɜː.pi/ (adj): vui vẻ

compile /kəmˈpaɪl/ [C1] (v): tổng hợp

conduct /kənˈdʌkt/ [C2] (v): thực hiện

typically /ˈtɪp.ɪ.kəl.i/ [C2] (adv): thường

market share /ˈmɑː.kɪt ˌʃeər/ (n): thị phần

surgeon /ˈsɝː.dʒən/ [C1] (n): bác sĩ phẫu thuật

set someone back (something) (phrasal verb): tiêu tốn của ai bao nhiêu


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