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Israel-Gaza conflict: attacks ease after Biden calls for ‘significant de-escalation’

[Reading level: C1 – Advanced]

Israel and Palestinian militants halted their fire for several hours early on Thursday as efforts to reach a truce appeared to gather momentum, a day after Joe Biden called publicly for progress towards a ceasefire.


It was not immediately clear if the eight-hour quiet – the longest since the attacks began 11 days ago – was part of an agreement or a temporary lull in the violence.


The brief calm was broken later on Thursday when air-raid sirens sounded in Israel near the Gaza frontier, and Israel’s military said a fighter jet had struck a rocket launcher.


However, previous ceasefires have been preceded by similar hours-long halts in fighting, which are seen as a trust-building measure. A Hamas official had earlier said a ceasefire was in reach, and Israeli media reports suggested the military believed its “goals” had largely been met.


In the early hours of Thursday, Israel carried out more than a dozen airstrikes on Gaza, including two that destroyed two houses in the territory’s south. Medics said four people were wounded in an airstrike on the town of Khan Younis in southern Gaza.


Israel’s military said its aircraft struck what it said was a “weapons storage unit” in the Gaza City home of a Hamas official and “military infrastructure located in the residences” of other Hamas commanders, including in Khan Younis.


Rocket sirens blared after midnight in the southern Israeli town of Beersheba and in areas bordering Gaza. There were no immediate reports of casualties or damage.


Both sides in the conflict had denied on Wednesday that a truce was imminent but efforts are continuing amid growing international calls.


France has circulated a UN resolution adding pressure on the US to demand a ceasefire, and issued a joint statement with Egypt and Jordan that “called on the parties to immediately agree on a ceasefire”. They said they would work with the UN and other partners to ensure humanitarian help for the population of Gaza. The US has already said the resolution would “undermine efforts to de-escalate” violence.


The UN Middle East envoy, Tor Wennesland, was meeting the Hamas chief, Ismail Haniyeh, in Qatar, Al Jazeera television reported. The 193-member UN general assembly was due to discuss the conflict on Thursday with the participation of several foreign ministers but was not expected to take action.


One senior Hamas official, Moussa Abu Marzouk, told Lebanon’s al-Mayadeen TV: “I think that the ongoing efforts regarding the ceasefire will succeed. I expect a ceasefire to be reached within a day or two, and the ceasefire will be on the basis of mutual agreement.”


Ronen Bergman, an Israeli military affairs journalist, cited unnamed Israeli officials as saying a ceasefire would be reached within the next 48 hours. The deal would reportedly include Israel agreeing to halt attacks, including attempts to kill senior Hamas members. In return, Hamas would end its rocket attacks, stop digging “attack tunnels”, and halt demonstrations near the frontier.


Since the fighting began on 10 May, Palestinian health officials say 228 people have been killed in aerial bombardments that have worsened Gaza’s already dire humanitarian situation. Israeli authorities put the death toll to date at 12 in Israel, where repeated rocket attacks have caused panic and sent people rushing into shelters.


Earlier, Biden told Netanyahu he expected “a significant de-escalation today on the path to a ceasefire” between Israel and militants in Gaza, in a notable toughening of the US president’s language on the conflict.


The White House said that in a phone call on Wednesday, “the two leaders had a detailed discussion on the state of events in Gaza, Israel’s progress in degrading the capabilities of Hamas and other terrorist elements, and ongoing diplomatic efforts by regional governments and the United States”.


It added: “The president conveyed to the prime minister that he expected a significant de-escalation today on the path to a ceasefire.”


But in a statement issued swiftly after the White House disclosed the call, Netanyahu said he was “determined to continue this operation until its objective is achieved: to restore quiet and security to you, citizens of Israel”.




halt /hɑːlt/ (v): ngừng

truce /truːs/ (n): thỏa thuận đình chiến

gather momentum [C1] (collocation): có hiệu quả hơn, mạnh hơn, …

ceasefire /ˈsiːs.faɪr/ (n): thỏa thuận ngừng bắn

lull /lʌl/ (n): giai đoạn im ắng

siren /ˈsaɪr.ən/ [C2] (n): còi báo động

airstrike /ˈer.straɪk/ (n): không kích

wounded /ˈwuːn.dɪd/ (adj): bị thương

blare /bler/ (v): vang lên

casualty /ˈkæʒ.ju.əl.ti/ [C2] (n): thương vong

imminent /ˈɪm.ə.nənt/ [C2] (adj): sẽ xảy ra

undermine /ˌʌn.dɚˈmaɪn/ [C2] (v): làm suy yếu

reach /riːtʃ/ [B2] (v): đạt được

bombardment /bɑːmˈbɑːrd.mənt/ (n): cuộc không kích

dire /daɪr/ (adj): nghiêm trọng

de-escalate /ˌdiːˈes.kə.leɪt/ (v): giảm leo thang căng thẳng

degrade /dɪˈɡreɪd/ (v): làm suy giảm

restore /rɪˈstɔːr/ [C1] (v): lấy lại


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