North and South Korea vow to end the Korean War in historic accord

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PANMUNJOM, SOUTH KOREA - APRIL 27: North Korean leader Kim Jong Un (L) and South Korean President Moon Jae-in (R) shake hands after announcing the Panmunjom Declaration for Peace, Prosperity and Unification of the Korean Peninsula during the Inter-Korean Summit in front of the Peace House on April 27, 2018 in Panmunjom, South Korea. Kim and Moon meet at the border today for the third-ever Inter-Korean summit talks after the 1945 division of the peninsula, and first since 2007 between then President Roh Moo-hyun of South Korea and Leader Kim Jong-il of North Korea. (Photo by Korea Summit Press Pool/Getty Images)

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Ilsan, South Korea (CNN) – The leaders of North and South Korea have committed themselves to the complete denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula and pledged to bring a formal end to the Korean War, 65 years after hostilities ceased.

 

In a remarkable day-long summit that weighed heavy with symbolism, South Korean President Moon Jae-in and his North Korean counterpart, Kim Jong Un embraced, planted a tree and talked alone for more than 30 minutes.

 

Then they signed the Panmunjom Declaration for Peace, Prosperity, and Unification on the Korean Peninsula, which commits the two countries to denuclearization and talks to bring a formal end to conflict. It was a startling conclusion to the first meeting between leaders of the two countries in 10 years.

 

In separate speeches, Kim and Moon promised a new era. Addressing the world’s media live on television for the first time, Kim said the Koreas “will be reunited as one country.” Moon said: “There will not be any more war on the Korean peninsula.”

 

But behind all the ceremony, at the Panmunjom “peace village” in the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) that separates North and South Korea, there were few concrete details. The Panmunjom Declaration largely steered clear of specifics regarding Pyongyang’s nuclear capabilities, and did not set out what North Korea would expect to get in exchange for denuclearization.

 

The pledge to end the Korean war faces major hurdles – any final peace deal must also involve China and the US, both of whom were participants in the original conflict that began in 1950 when the North Korean People’s Army invaded the South. Although       an armistice was signed in 1953, no formal peace treaty was ever concluded, and technically, the peninsula remains at war.

 

US President Donald Trump and most of the US was asleep as the day’s events unfolded, but when Washington woke, Trump, who is due to meet Kim later in the coming months, hailed the summit.

 

He tweeted: “After a furious year of missile launches and nuclear testing, a historic meeting between North and South Korea,” he said. “Good things are happening, but only time will tell!” In another tweet, he exclaimed: “KOEAN WAR TO END!”

 

Historic day – Ngày lịch sử

South Korea had choreographed the meeting of the two leaders down to the second, but it was Kim who delivered the most dramatic moment.

 

After he crossed the military demarcation line separating North and South Korea to shake hands with Moon, Kim invited him to step into the North. Moon hesitated for the briefest of seconds, before walking into North Korean territory.

 

The image was greeted by gasps, cheers and applause from people watching it on a large screen in central Seoul, and at a conference center in nearby Ilsan, where the South Korean government had set up a sprawling media center for the thousands of journalists invited to watch history being made.

 

It was also perhaps the only spontaneous moment in what was a carefully scripted affair, which those on the South Korean side had been practicing and rehearsing for weeks.

 

“President Moon briefly crossed over the MDL to the North,” the Blue House said in a statement, referring to the military demarcation line. “This was not a planned event.”

 

The rest of the day went entirely to plan, however. The two leaders appeared acutely aware of the spotlight upon them: Moon maintained an air of calm statesmanship; Kim occasionally appeared to revel in the attention of the world’s media. Writing in a visitor’s book on entering the Peace House, where discussions took place, Kim wrote “a new history begins now” and “an age of peace, at the starting point of history.”

 

After a morning of meetings with officials, Kim and Moon took part in a symbolic tree-planting ceremony in the DMZ. The tree was from 1953, the year the Korean War armistice was signed. Kim used soil from a mountain on the southern island of Jeju while Moon used earth from Mount Paektu in the north.

 

Then, the two leaders left their officials behind and struck out side by side through the DMZ to a footbridge that was recently repainted the same blue used on the Korean Unification Flag. Unexpectedly, they talked for 30 minutes, without anyone taking notes and with cameras at a distance. The contents of the conversation have not been disclosed.

 

The substantive moment of the summit came when Kim and Moon pair signed the agreement that pledged to end the decades of conflict between their two nations, and set them on a path towards denuclearization.

 

Pitfalls ahead – Những cạm bẫy phía trước

While Friday was all smiles and handshakes, there are plenty of potential pitfalls ahead. Under the Panmunjom Declaration, named after the village in the DMZ where the two leaders met, the two parties “confirmed the common goal of realizing, through complete denuclearization, a nuclear-free Korean Peninsula.”

 

What all sides mean by denuclearization has long been a sticking point, especially between North Korea and the US.

 

“Going into the US-North Korea summit, the key question remains whether North Korea would truly give up its nuclear weapons program,” Stratfor Asia Pacific analyst Evan Rees said in a statement.

 

“The phrasing of the Panmunjom Declaration   refers  to  denuclearization of the peninsula, which could mean the movement of US strategic assets, and a phased, rather than a rapid denuclearization — which goes against what the US has called for.”

 

Earlier in the day, Kim Jong Un said he hoped disagreements would not derail the implementation of the declaration, as has happened with past agreements, hinting he may be aware that a deal is far from being sealed.

 

China welcomed the outcome of the summit. Foreign Ministry spokesman Lu Kang congratulated both sides and said: We hope all relevant parties keep the momentum of dialogue, work together to promote the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula as well as the process of a political settlement on the peninsula issue.” He said China was willing to “keep playing a positive role to this end.”

 

The White House also welcomed the conclusion  of the summit. “We are hopeful that talks will achieve progress toward a future of peace and prosperity for the entire Korean Peninsula,” a statement said.

 

Source: https://edition.cnn.com/2018/04/27/asia/korean-summit-intl/index.html

WORD BANK:

denuclearization (n): phi hạt nhân hóa

peninsula (n): bán đảo

pledge to do sth (v): cam kết làm gì

formal [C1] (adj): chính thức

hostility [C2] (n): sự thù địch

cease [B2] (n): sự chấm dứt

summit (n): hội nghị thượng đỉnh

symbolism (n): tính biểu tượng

counterpart [C1] (n): người đồng cấp

embrace (v): ôm

declaration [C1] (n): tuyên bố

prosperity (n): sự thịnh vượng

unification (n): sự thống nhất

startling (adj): đáng ngạc nhiên

reunite (v): đoàn tụ

Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) (n): Khu phi quân sự

concrete [C1] (adj): cụ thể, chắc chắn

specific (n): chi tiết

set out to do sth (v): bắt đầu làm gì

major hurdle (n): trở ngại lớn

invade (v): xâm lược

treaty (n): hiệp định

unfold [C1] (v): diễn ra

furious (adj): điên rồ

choreograph (v): lên kịch bản

down to the second (expression): đến những giây cuối cùng

military demarcation line (n): đường ranh giới quân sự

hesitate [B2] (v): lưỡng lự

for the briefest of seconds (expression): trong vài giây

territory (n): lãnh thổ

applause (n/v): vỗ tay

sprawling (adj): rộng lớn

spontaneous (adj): tự phát

rehearse (v): tổng duyệt

acute (adj): sâu sắc

spotlight (n): ánh đèn sân khấu

an air of calm (n): một bầu không khí bình lặng

revel (n): vui vẻ

armistice (n): hiệp định đình chiến

disclose [C2] (v): tiết lộ

substantive (adj): quan trọng

pitfalls (n): cạm bẫy

a sticking point (n): điểm mấu chốt, vấn đề gây căng thẳng

truly [B2] (adv): thực sự

phrasing (n): ý nghĩa, cách hiểu

derail (v): cản trở, làm hỏng

implementation [B2] (n) việc thực hiện

hint (v): gợi ý

sealed (adj): đảm bảo

be willing to do sth (adj) sẵn lòng làm gì

play a role (phrase): đóng vai trò